Tactical C&R - Control and Restraint
by Tank Todd, Army Special Forces Close Combat Master Chief Instructor
21cm x 29.5cm - 50 pages - illustrated

I have learned, disregarded and forgotten more holds than I care to remember for one simple reason; they were not tactically correct, were unsafe and would only stand to impress an audience at a demonstration; not overcome a serious threat
Over technical studio techniques may well impress when demonstrated on a willing assistant but how many willing assistants will you ever have to restrain in the course of your duties?
You do not have to restrain the willing compliant or submissive, its the belligerent aggressive type that need to be restrained and I have never seen this type offer you their limbs for restraining.
You need to ask yourself if you could apply your technical studio skills while a determined offender was viciously attacking you.
Sound tactics, procedures and skills give you and your team the best chance of success in a bad situation, nothing more, nothing less. There is no point in finding out that your fancy demonstration, technically complicated studio techniques do not stand up when you are at the sharp end of a tough situation.
I could have shown you countless secondary skills or application variations, but that would have defied the purpose of this manual; to provide the best in tactics, procedures, principles, skills and applications. The rest comes with practice, experience and physical instruction.

Tactical Control and Restraint is the result of my lifetimes work in the fields of military, security and law enforcement as a consultant, instructor, and as a member and chief of crowd control teams.

For the past twenty-five years I have designed and perfected, as close as humanly possible, skills and procedures both for my security team and personnel of psychiatric institutions, large security companies, as well as law enforcement, prison personnel and the military.
The contents of this text has been designed for itís simplicity, effectiveness, tactical correctness and most importantly safety both for the staff and the suspect.
The entire aim of this field manual is to promote the proven skills that achieve maximum results with minimum effort and a high level of safety throughout the entire application.
While it is true there are no skills or procedures that are foolproof, or the end all and be all, the following system provided it is used in accordance with sound basic principles and common sense, provides the best chance of operational success.
Often one finds in civilian restraint groups, individuals whom are not confident due to lack of proper training, or others whom can not operate as a team, or whom feel vulnerable due to having to work with incompetent personnel.
The following text is designed to dissuade the over zealous, heroic type application and promote the safe team options, the most important ingredient is the team players individual inner resolve, something that no manual or system can provide.

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Samples from Tactical C&R - Control and Restraint

Never forget your basics - safe approach, open mind assessment, correct tactics and procedure applications. Don't use historical, traditional or competitive methods. Success requires knowledge of skills that incorporate least line of resistance principles, knowledge of the anatomy and the scientific principles of leverage, balance and momentum.
Always be prepared to change from one skill to another for example instead of skill application one, two, three, be prepared to go one, three, or vice versa.
Always be completely familiar with team procedures in all applications including cross training for all contingencies or emergencies.
Let common sense prevail. A combination of skill and will are the required attributes, not heroic or over zealous behaviour.
Select your security team members wisely for their physical capabilities as well as their practical intelligence and ability to be members of a team. Where situations require, the individual should also be capable of operating on his own or as a leader.
Always attempt to use a diplomatic, verbal approach to defuse a potential situation, as every time you opt for a physical approach, you run the risk of physical injury or inciting an even more volatile situation.
In countries where flashlights and other such security tools are carried, always make sure they are easily accessible should the situation require them. But do not carry them in such a way to intimidate or offend. 
Clothing for security work should be practical, comfortable and hard wearing, not tight or restrictive in any way.
Footwear should be safety shoes or preferably boots for extra support, the internal steel safety cap types are recommended.
Any equipment, keys, weapons, etc. should be carried in a safe pocket, pouch or position for easy access, they should also be well secured to avoid the possibility of offenders turning your own equipment on you and should be well maintained.
Never panic in any situation as this leads to [... continued]

Ensure that your rear flanks are safe. Position yourself so that you have the greatest overall vision of the entry/exit points and both sides of approach.
Scan the area for threats or potential threats. Remember prevention is better than cure and to prevent entry is far easier than to have to remove an offender.
Communicate in a firm, fair and friendly manner. When restricting entry use calm definite verbalisation combined with, if necessary clear universal [...continued]

In an offensive application make your approach directly diagonally to the offender's side, secure his arm at the wrist and above the elbow in an escort position; (see escort position). Now apply a distraction skill followed by [...continued]

You must be able to control your heart rate to maintain the ability to perform physical skills effectively.
As the heart rate rises, the skill level lowers and the ability to remain focused and in complete control deteriorates.
The higher the stress level, the lower the skill level and lesser the reaction time.
These stress factors are affected even further due to the fact that the operator may have to verbally command the offender or communicate as part of his duties in a high stress situation. Speech even further reduces individual reaction time.
Post situation operators need to be physically strong, especially in situations where they have been wounded or failed in their duties.
They need to take a realistic look at every aspect of the event and learn from it so as to be more [...continued]

The following subjects and techniques are covered in the book:

  • Offensive Applications

  • Distractions

  • Escort Position

  • The Restraints

  • The Universal Restraint

  • Forced Armlock

  • Compound Restraints

  • Bar Hammer Lock

  • Compound Finger Compliance

  • Application Contingencies

  • Escort Position Counter Option To Attack

  • Restraint Application From A Fist Up Position

  • Securing An Escapee

  • Safe Secure And Search Position

  • Anchor Restraint

  • Position Holds

  • Wrist Twist

  • Security Hammer Lock

  • Thumb Comealong

  • Countering Seconday Offenders

  • Secondary Option Distraction

  • Removing A Female Offender

  • Counter Offensive Restraints After Evasion

  • Stationary Counter Offensive Restraint Applications
  • Restraint From A Frontal Double Grab
  • Securing An Offender From The Front
  • Suspicious Approach Tactics
  • Breaking Up A Fight
  • Three Staff Restraint Applications
  • Two Staff Restraint Applications
  • Edged (Short) Weapon Disarming
  • Short Weapon Disarm And Restraint
  • Counters Against Long Weapons
  • Coming To The Aid Of A Victim
  • Emergency Room Restraints
  • To Remove An Offender From A Car Or Seat
  • Countering An Offender's Accomplice
  • Finger Comealong
  • Head And Neck Control And Restraint
  • Snatch And Carry
  • Rear Leg Lift Decentralization
  • Lockup Entry Exit
  • Crowd Control Formations
  • Glossary


Using one of the previous arm locks, take the offender to the ground on his stomach. Position one of your knees carefully across the back of his neck and the thigh of the other against his upper arm.
Note prior to the restraint take down, verbally inform the offender that you require him to lie flat on his stomach to avoid decentralization panic and advance resistance. Figure A

Figure A

Now grasp two or three of the fingers of the secured arm and lever backwards. You can give him clear instructions from this secured position and if he is uncooperative, increase the pressure of the leverage. Figure B
You can have him put his free hand up his back for cuffing and carefully search him from this position.

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